Interesting new mental health research articles on risk factors and treatment methodologies for post traumatic stress conditions.
Joseph NM, Benedick A, Flanagan CD, Breslin MA, Vallier HA. J Orthop Trauma. 2021 Mar 15. doi: 10.1097/BOT.0000000000001990. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33724967.
- “Objective: To identify risk factors for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) following traumatic injury”.
- “Setting: Single urban level I trauma center.”
- “One quarter of trauma patients screened positive for PTSD at 3 months following their injury. Mechanism of injury is a risk factor for PTSD, and younger adults, victims of crime, and pedestrians struck by motor vehicles are at higher risk.”
Grupe DW, McGehee C, Smith C, Francis AD, Mumford JA, Davidson RJ. J Police Crim Psychol. 2021 Mar;36(1):72–85. doi: 10.1007/s11896–019–09351–4. Epub 2019 Nov 29. PMID: 33737763; PMCID: PMC7963215.
- “Law enforcement officers are regularly exposed directly and indirectly to a wide variety of traumatic stressors, which take place against a backdrop of high levels of organizational stressors. Consequently, this group is at elevated risk for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and other negative physical and mental health outcomes, yet there are few empirically supported interventions to proactively mitigate the effects of occupational stress for this population.”
- “Recent studies suggest that training in mindfulness meditation may reduce perceived stress and improve related physical and mental health outcomes in this group.”
- The study “replicated findings of reduced post-training perceived stress, sleep disturbances, anxiety, and burnout.”
- The study also “identified novel evidence for reduced PTSD symptoms that persisted at a 5-month follow-up assessment.”
Lynch JH, Muench PD, Okiishi JC, Means GE, Mulvaney SW. J Investig Med. 2021 Mar 16:jim-2020–001693. doi: 10.1136/jim-2020–001693. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33727214.
- “The stellate ganglion block (SGB) procedure has been used successfully for over 10 years to treat post-traumatic stress symptoms in thousands of US military service members, civilians, and veterans in select hospitals in Europe and North America.”
- “The aim of this qualitative research was to compile attitudes and recommendations from therapists with expertise in using SGB for treating symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder, so that their experiences could be disseminated widely to clinicians without SGB expertise.”
- “Of surveyed behavioral health clinicians with personal experience incorporating SGB into their trauma-focused psychotherapy, 95% of respondents would recommend SGB to a colleague as a useful tool for the treatment of trauma-related disorders. SGB was rated at least as useful as the most valuable interventions listed in the American Psychological Association Clinical Practice Guideline for the Treatment of Post-traumatic Stress Disorder with 100% of respondents characterizing SGB as ‘Very Beneficial’ or ‘Somewhat Beneficial’, and 0 respondents characterizing SGB as ‘Not Helpful’ or ‘Harmful’.”
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